Before it was buried by the sands of the Sahara Desert, Timgad was a thriving colony of the Roman Empire. This bustling city was built by the Romans in their African territory — its grid layout a reflection of Roman urban planning at the time.
After the fall of the Roman Empire, Timgad was abandoned and forgotten. It wasn't until 1,000 years later that its ruins, largely preserved by the desert, were rediscovered. Indeed, the ruins of Timgad are so well-preserved that some visitors call it the Algerian Pompeii.