The strange Baikal lake in Siberia

The reservoir of life

One of the secrets hidden within the lake is 1000 unique specifies of fish (discovered thus far) that live in the lake and 245 species of water plants that are also unique to the environment. Still, scientists presume that there may be even more types of fish at the bottom of the sea, maybe even different creatures.

It was only in 2008 that a small research team dared to go to the bottom of the lake in two small submarines, however, they were only able to explore a small part of the vast lake. At such a depth, the pressure is so high that oxygen runs out really quickly.

The interesting thing is that all of these species of sea life have the key to their evolution in the ice that has been protecting them for millions of years. There are different speculations to the creation of this deep lake.

Some say that it may have been formed by a big meteorite hitting the earth 25 million years ago, although that is a fanatical claim as a meteorite with such a big dimension would have the power to destroy the whole planet.

On the other hand, a more logical explanation for the formation of this lake is the powerful shake of the tectonic plates that have provoked such a big earthquake that a mountain was split into two and over the millions of years creating the lake.

In winter the ice ends up being even 6 meters think, making it possible to have even cars safely journey over the lake without ever risking the ice to crack. It is fascinating how the creatures living inside the lake have evolved to adapt to such extreme conditions.


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